World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Quantifying Environmental Stress Induced Emissions of Algal Isoprene and Monoterpenes Using Laboratory Measurements : Volume 11, Issue 9 (19/09/2014)

By Meskhidze, N.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004004694
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 38
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Quantifying Environmental Stress Induced Emissions of Algal Isoprene and Monoterpenes Using Laboratory Measurements : Volume 11, Issue 9 (19/09/2014)  
Author: Meskhidze, N.
Volume: Vol. 11, Issue 9
Language: English
Subject: Science, Biogeosciences, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Kamykowski, D., Reed, R., Sabolis, A., & Meskhidze, N. (2014). Quantifying Environmental Stress Induced Emissions of Algal Isoprene and Monoterpenes Using Laboratory Measurements : Volume 11, Issue 9 (19/09/2014). Retrieved from

Description: Marine, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA. We report here production rates of isoprene and monoterpene compounds (α-pinene, β-pinene, camphene and d-limonene) from six phytoplankton monocultures as a function of irradiance and temperature. Irradiance experiments were carried out for diatom strains – Thalassiosira weissflogii and Thalassiosira pseudonana; prymnesiophyte strains – Pleurochrysis carterae; dinoflagellate strains – Karenia brevis and Prorocentrum minimum; cryptophyte strains – Rhodomonas salina, while temperature experiments were carried out for diatom strains – Thalassiosira weissflogii and Thalassiosira pseudonana. Phytoplankton species, incubated in a climate-controlled room, were subject to variable light (90 to 900 Μmol m−2s−1) and temperature (18 to 30 °C) regimes. Compared to isoprene, monoterpene emissions were an order of magnitude lower at all light and temperature levels. Emission rates are normalized by cell count and Chlorophyll a (Chl a) content. Diatom strains were the largest emitters, with ~2x1017g (cell)−1h−1 (~35 Μg (g Chl a)−1h−1) for isoprene and ~5x10−19 g (cell)−1h−1 (~1Μg (g Chl a)−1) h−1) for α-pinene. The contribution to the total monoterpene production was ~70% from α-pinene, ~20% for d-limonene, and <10% for camphene and Β -pinene. Phytoplankton species showed a rapid increase in production rates at low (<150 Μmol m−2s−1) and a gradual increase at high (>250 Μmol m−2s−1) irradiance. Measurements revealed different patterns for time-averaged emissions rates over two successive days. On the first day most of the species showed distinct increase in production rates within the first four hours, while on the second day the emission rates were overall higher, but less variable. The data suggest that enhanced amounts of isoprene and monoterpenes are emitted from phytoplankton as a result of perturbations in environmental conditions that cause disbalance in chloroplasts and forces primary producers to acclimate physiologically. This relationship could be a valuable tool for development of dynamic ecosystem modeling approaches for global marine isoprene and monoterpene emissions based on phytoplankton physiological responses to a changing environment.

Quantifying environmental stress induced emissions of algal isoprene and monoterpenes using laboratory measurements

Acuña-Alvarez, L. I., Exton, D. A., Timmis, K. N., Suggett, D. J., and McGenity, T. J.: Characterization of marine isoprene-degrading communities, Env. Microbiol., 11, 3280–3291, doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.02069.x, 2009.; Blanchard, D. C.: Sea-to-air transport of surface active material, Science, 146, 396–397, doi:10.1126/science.146.3642.396, 1964.; Bonsang, B., Polle, C., and Lambert, G.: Evidence for marine production of isoprene, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 1129–1132, 1992.; Bonsang, B., Gros, V., Peeken, I., Yassaa, N., Bluhm, K., Zoellner, E., Sarda-Esteve, R., and Williams, J.: Isoprene emission from phytoplankton monocultures, relationship with chlorophyll, cell volume, and carbon content, Environ. Chem., 7, 554–563, doi:10.1071/EN09156, 2010.; Bouvet, M., Hoepffner, N., and Dowell, M. D.: Parameterization of a spectral solar irradiance model for the global ocean using multiple satellite sensors, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 3215, doi:10.1029/2001JC001126, 2002.; Boyd, P. W., Rynearson, T. A., Armstrong, E. A., Fu, F., Hayashi, K., Hu, Z., Hutchins, D. A., Kudela, R. M., Litchman, E., Mulholland, M. R., Passow, U., Strzepek, R. F., Whittaker, K. A., Yu, E., and Thomas, M. K.: Marine phytoplankton temperature vs. growth responses from polar to tropical waters – outcome of a scientific community-wide study, PLoS ONE, 8, e6309, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063091, 2013.; Broadgate, W. J., Liss, P. S., and Penkett, S. A.: Seasonal emissions of isoprene and other reactive hydrocarbon gases from the ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 2675–2678, 1997.; Broadgate, W. G., Malin, G., Kupper, F. C., Thompson. A., and Liss, P. S.: Isoprene and other non-methane hydrocarbons from seaweeds: a source of reactive hydrocarbons to the atmosphere, Mar. Chem., 88, 61–73, doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2004.03.002, 2004.; Carpenter, L. J., Archer, S. D., and Beale, R.: Ocean–atmosphere trace gas exchange, Chem. Soc. Rev., 41, 6473–6506, doi:10.1039/C2CS35121H, 2012.; Carslaw, K. S., Lee, L. A., Reddingtonet, C. L., Pringle, K. J., Rap, A., Forster, P. M., and Mann, G.: Large contribution of natural aerosols to uncertainty in indirect forcing, Nature, 503, 67–71, doi:10.1038/nature12674, 2013.; Cermeño, P., de Vargas, C., Abrantes, F., and Falkowski, P. G.: Phytoplankton biogeography and community stability in the ocean, PLoS ONE, 5, e10037, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010037, 2010.; Charlson, R. J., Lovelock, J. E., Andreae, M. O., and Warren, S. G.: Oceanic phytoplankton, atmospheric sulphur, cloud albedo and climate, Nature, 326, 655–661, 1987.; Cullen, J. J. and Lewis, M. R.: The kinetics of algal photoadaptation in the content of vertical mixing, J. Plankton Res., 10, 1039–1063, 1988.; Delwiche, C. F. and Sharkey, T. D.: Rapid appearance of 13C in biogenic isoprene when \chem^{13CO_2} is fed to intact leaves, Plant Cell Environ., 16, 587–591, 1993.; Exton, D. A., Suggett, D. J., McGenity, T. J., and Steinke, M.: Chlorophyll-normalized isoprene production in laboratory cultures of marine microalgae and implications for global models, Limnol. Oceanogr., 58, 1301–1311, doi:10.4319/lo.2013.58.4.1301, 2013.; Eppley, R. W.: Temperature and phytoplankton growth in the sea, Fish. B.-NOAA, 70, 1063–1085, 1972.; Gantt, B., Meskhidze, N., and Kamykowski, D.: A new physically-based quanti


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Historical and Simulated Ecosystem Carbo... (by )
  • Simultaneous Assimilation of Satellite a... (by )
  • Abiotic Ammonification and Gross Ammoniu... (by )
  • Oxygen Minimum Zone of the Open Arabian ... (by )
  • Water Use Strategies and Ecosystem-atmos... (by )
  • Specific Rates of Leucine Incorporation ... (by )
  • Large Regional-scale Variation in C3/C4 ... (by )
  • Coupling of the Spatial Dynamic of Picop... (by )
  • Emissions of Bvoc from Lodgepole Pine in... (by )
  • Competitive Interactions Between Methane... (by )
  • The Acetylene Inhibition Technique to De... (by )
  • Earthworm Impact on the Global Warming P... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from National Public Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.